European exploration of Australia Matthew Flinders led the first successful circumnavigation of Australia in Their reports on their return led to the settlement of Banks' Town.
European exploration of Australia Matthew Flinders led the first successful circumnavigation of Australia in —2. They discovered and explored Port Hacking. In —99, Bass and Flinders set out in a sloop and circumnavigated Tasmaniathus proving it to be an island. Aboard ship was the Aboriginal explorer Bungareeof the Sydney district, who became the first person born on the Australian continent to circumnavigate the Australian continent.
At Mount Blaxland they looked out over "enough grass to support the stock of the colony for thirty years", and expansion of the British settlement into the interior could begin. Over 16 weeks in —25, Hume and Hovell journeyed to Port Phillip and back.
They made many important discoveries including the Murray River which they named the Humemany of its tributaries, and good agricultural and grazing lands between Gunning, New South Wales and Corio Bay, Victoria.
A theory had developed that the inland rivers of New South Wales were draining into an inland sea. His party then followed this river to its junction with the Darling Riverfacing two threatening encounters with local Aboriginal people along the way.
Sturt continued down river on to Lake Alexandrinawhere the Murray meets the sea in South Australia. Suffering greatly, the party had to then row back upstream hundreds of kilometres for the return journey. He was meticulous in seeking to record the original Aboriginal place names around the colony, for which reason the majority of place names to this day retain their Aboriginal titles.
Australian states history Agitation for representative government began soon after the settlement of the colonies. Macarthur was a turbulent element: From about the colony, under the governorship of Lachlan Macquariebegan to grow rapidly as free settlers arrived and new lands were opened up for farming.
Despite the long and arduous sea voyage, settlers were attracted by the prospect of making a new life on virtually free Crown land. From the late s settlement was only authorised in the limits of location, known as the Nineteen Counties. Many settlers occupied land without authority and beyond these authorised settlement limits: The colony suffered from a long-term shortage of labour, and by local capitalists had succeeded in persuading London to send convicts.
Transportation did not end until New Zealand was part of New South Wales until when it became a separate colony. The first governments established after were autocratic and each colony was governed by a British Governorappointed by the British monarch.
There was considerable unhappiness with the way some of the colonies were run. In most cases the administration of the early colonies was carried out by the British military. The New South Wales Corpswhich was in charge of New South Walesbecame known as the "Rum Corps", due to its stranglehold on the distribution of rumwhich was used as a makeshift currency at the time.
Although English law was transplanted into the Australian colonies by virtue of the doctrine of receptionthus notions of the rights and processes established by the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights were brought from Britain by the colonists.
The reformist attorney generalJohn Plunkettsought to apply Enlightenment principles to governance in the colony, pursuing the establishment of equality before the law, first by extending jury rights to emancipiststhen by extending legal protections to convicts, assigned servants and Aborigines.
Plunkett twice charged the colonist perpetrators of the Myall Creek massacre of Aborigines with murder, resulting in a conviction and his landmark Church Act of disestablished the Church of England and established legal equality between AnglicansCatholicsPresbyterians and later Methodists.
Men who possessed pounds worth of property were able to stand for election and wealthy landowners were permitted up to four votes each in elections. Voter rights were extended further in New South Wales in and elections for legislative councils were held in the colonies of Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.26 January: Captain Arthur Phillip raises the Union Jack at Sydney Cove to start a penal colony (and not a nation).
Aboriginal resistance flares within a few days of arrival of the tall ships. 29 May: The first conflict between the First Fleet arrivals and Aboriginal people takes place near Rushcutters Bay, Sydney.
Two convicts are killed. 18Between the years Australia was re-discovered, colonized and faced many fights between the natives of Australia and the British. Disease, communication barriers, land rights, food supply, cultural clashes and wars between the British and the natives played a major role in the resistance between the naives and the British for the first 60 years of colonization(1).
Aboriginal Resistance Words | 7 Pages. 18Between the years Australia was re-discovered, colonized and faced many fights between the natives of Australia and the British. The Causes and Nature of Aboriginal Resistance to White Settlement in the Period When white settlement of Australia began in the continent was already inhabited by Aborigines - The Causes and Nature of Aboriginal Resistance to White Settlement in the Period introduction.
Aborigines did not have permanent homes; they lived a semi-nomadic lifestyle constantly moving to . History of Australia () Save The history of Australia from – covers the early colonial period of Australia's history, from the arrival in of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies and the beginnings of representative democratic government.
18Between the years Australia was re-discovered, colonized and faced many fights between the natives of Australia and the British. Disease, communication barriers, land rights, food supply, cultural clashes and wars between the British and the natives played a major role in the resistance between the naives and the British for the first 60 years of colonization(1).