Political leader, governor of Massachusetts, brewer, publisher S amuel Adams was a leading organizer of the independence movement in Massachusetts and the other American colonies that culminated in the Revolutionary War and the creation of the United States of America. Though he was an outstanding writer, speaker, and planner, he kept himself so far in the background that historians have found it difficult to determine the total scope of his contributions to the birth of the nation.
Political leader, governor of Massachusetts, brewer, publisher S amuel Adams was a leading organizer of the independence movement in Massachusetts and the other American colonies that culminated in the Revolutionary War and the creation of the United States of America.
Though he was an outstanding writer, speaker, and planner, he kept himself so far in the background that historians have found it difficult to determine the total scope of his contributions to the birth of the nation. Samuel Adams was the son of a generous beer brewer, also named Samuel, and Mary Fifield Adams, his religious wife.
Mary Adams passed her Puritan beliefs on to her three children—Samuel, his older sister Mary, and younger brother Joseph. A well-mannered, heavyset boy, Samuel Adams had dark blue-gray eyes, heavy eyebrows, and a large head. At the Boston Latin Schoolhe learned to read, write, and do basic arithmetic.
Throughout his life his friends and family called him Samuel; only strangers and people who were making fun of him referred to him as "Sam. The Adams's house was the meeting place of a group called the Caucus Club. The members of the Caucus Club sought more political power for the colonists, and young Adams was encouraged to take part in its discussions.
Inwhen Adams was eighteen, British-appointed governor John Belcher declared illegal the land bank founded by the elder Samuel. The Adams family lost all their money, and Adams had to take a job as a waiter to pay his way through college. Adams did not take kindly to this injustice, and this strengthened his belief that the governor held too much power over the colonists.
Marries, becomes tax collector Adams earned a Master of Arts degree inat age twenty-one, and went on to an unsuccessful career in the field of accounting. The friend of his father who had employed young Samuel told the older man that his son seemed to take no interest in the business.
Then Samuel's father gave him a large sum of money to start a new business. But the young man lent half of it to a friend, never asking to be repaid, and frittered away the rest.
Samuel gained a reputation for being unable to make or hold on to money. He preferred to spend his time discussing how America must become independent of England. Accounts of the time describe Adams as about five feet six inches tall, with a large head, dark eyes, and a musical voice. Adams had no interest in fashion and wore shabby clothing and shoes.
His real interests lay in politics. In Adams and several friends began the Whipping Post Club, a political organization that published a newspaper, The Public Advertiser, written largely by Adams.
Its self-proclaimed purpose was to "defend the rights… of working people. In Adams's father died, and he became responsible for taking care of his mother and the family brewing business. Samuel Adams married his first wife, Elizabeth Checkley, in They had six children, but only young Samuel and Hannah survived to adulthood.
Over the years, Adams's neglect of the family's once-successful brewing business led to its decline. The family was happy despite being rather poor. Adams was appointed Boston commissioner of garbage collection inand in was elected one of five tax collectors for the city.
Though he did a poor job demanding unpaid taxes, the popular Adams was reelected and held the post of tax collector for the eight years that followed.Samuel and John Adams' names are almost synonymous in all accounts of the Revolution that grew, largely, out of Boston.
Though they were cousins and not brothers, they were often referred to as the Adams' brothers, or simply as the Adams'.
Samuel Adams was born in . Oct 27, · Watch video · Samuel Adams was born September 27, , the son of Boston merchant and brewer Samuel Adams Sr. and his wife Mary.
The Adams family were devout Puritans, and Adams Sr. was a deacon in the. Samuel Adams, –, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b.
Boston, Mass.; second cousin of John Adams. An unsuccessful businessman, he became interested in politics and was a member (–74) and clerk (–74) of the lower house of the Massachusetts legislature.
Born on September 16, , Samuel Adams was born to a family which was well versed in political protest. His father, Deacon Adams, was a brewer, and owned a brewery in Boston.
During the ’s, Boston experienced a severe economic recession due to . A biography of Samuel Adams, a signer of the Declaration of Independence from the colony of Massachusetts Samuel Adams.
Representing Massachusetts at the Continental Congress. by Ole Erekson, Engraver, c, Library of Congress Boston.
Though they were cousins and not brothers, they were often referred to as the Adams. Extended Bibliography. Adams, John. James Otis, Samuel Adams, and John Hancock: John Adams’s Tributes To These As the Three Principal Movers and Agents of the American Revolution.