Begun on March 1,this one-page essay sheet was published six days a week, Monday through Saturday, and reached issues by its last issue on December 6, Each issue was numbered, the articles were unsigned, and many had mottoes from classical authors. InThe Spectator was revived from June through December by Addison and two other writers, who had occasionally contributed to the original publication. Reading The Spectator yields a vivid portrait of London life in the first decades of the eighteenth century.
They crossed paths again in London in the early part of the eighteenth century; both of them had political and literary ambitions. By all accounts, Addison and Steele had very different personalities.
Addison had many friends and seems to have been brilliant at getting influential people to support and help him. Steele was more a journalist at heart, and his plays are all comedies to be sure, Addison wrote a comedy, too, but it was not very successful, whereas Steele had several hits.
And a lot of people seemed to be unable to take Steele very seriously; he was notorious for running up big debts, and was often mocked in the public press of the period. Steele was Irish, and although he was from a respectable family in Dublin his father was an attorney he did not have much of a family network in England to help him make his way in the world.
He almost certainly faced his share of the prejudice against Irish people that many English people harbored for centuries. After his time at Oxford which he left without completing a degreeSteele went into the army, and did well, rising to become a captain.
He started writing poetry and drama as a side project while he was still in the military. Addison was not from a particularly wealthy or noble family, either, but the Addisons were well-placed in the power structure of the Church of England, the official state church.
Joseph Addison seems to have been identified early on as someone who would have a significant public career. This journal, which was published three times a week, was something new and innovative.
Rather than focusing on the news, it offered essays on a variety of topics: It was fast-paced, entertaining, and in an age when much print publication was bitterly political, was non-partisan. Steele asked Addison and other friends to join him it was surely hard to come up with enough material on his ownand Addison contributed several dozen essays.
Sir Richard Steele, painted by Godfrey Kneller in about National Portrait Gallery, London Both journals were widely read in their first publication, and perhaps even more so over the course of the next two centuries when they were collected together and bound up as book-length volumes.
Even more recently, these short, comparatively informal essays, published frequently, have been compared to blogging. Whatever the case, the early eighteenth-century journalism of Joseph Addison and Richard Steele remains an entertaining look into the attitudes, tastes, and styles of their period.During the early part of the 's Joseph Addison, the Tatler and Sir Richard Steele, the Spectator, came together to write "The Tatler and the Spectator".
The Spectator, Steele-and-Addison's Spectator, is a monument befitting the most memorable friendship in our history. Steele was its projector, founder, editor, and he was writer of that part of it which took the widest grasp upon the hearts of men. 2.
Although Richard Steele devoted a small section of The Tatler to current ne,,1s, he abandoned the plan as a regular feature after the eightieth nUJllber. The Tatler folded at the start of , but was almost immediately followed by The Spectator.
Here Addison took the lead, contributing a larger number of essays than Steele and, most scholars agree, setting the tone for the new journal. RIchard Steele Witty, warmhearted, impulsive, reckless in practical matters; left school to join the army Served as manager of a theatre, for which he wrote several comedies.
Joseph Addison. The English essayist and politician Joseph Addison () founded the "Spectator" periodical with Sir Richard Steele.. Joseph Addison was born on May 1, , the son of the rector of Milston, Wiltshire.