Raising Children in the Victorian Times You are here:
Given their catastrophic population decline after white contact whites assumed that the full-blood tribal Aboriginal population would be unable to sustain itself, and was doomed to extinction. The idea expressed by A. Nevillethe Chief Protector of Aborigines for Western Australiaand others as late as was that mixed-race children could be trained to work in white society, and over generations would marry white and be assimilated into the society.
Cecil Cookargued that "everything necessary [must be done] to convert the half-caste into a white citizen". This was a response to public concern over the increase in the number of mixed-descent children and sexual exploitation of young Aboriginal women by non-Indigenous men, as well as fears among non-indigenous people of being outnumbered by a mixed-descent population.
After the Commonwealth took control of the Territory, under the Aborigines Ordinancethe Chief Protector was given total control of all Indigenous women regardless of their age, unless married to a man who was "substantially of European origin", and his approval was required for any marriage of an indigenous woman to a non-indigenous man.
The Central Board for the Protection of Aborigines had been advocating such powers since Passage of the Act gave the colony of Victoria a wide suite of powers over Aboriginal and "half-caste" persons, including the forcible removal of children, especially "at risk" girls.
In addition, appointed Aboriginal protectors in each state exercised wide-ranging guardianship powers over Aborigines up to the age of 16 or 21, often determining where they could live or work.
Policemen or other agents of the state some designated as "Aboriginal Protection Officers" were given the power to locate and transfer babies and children of mixed descent from their mothers, families, and communities into institutions for care.
In these Australian states and territories, institutions both government and missionary for half-caste children were established in the early decades of the 20th century to care and educate the mixed-race children taken from their families.
Estimates of numbers have been widely disputed. The Bringing Them Home report says that "at least ," children were removed from their parents. This figure was estimated by multiplying the Aboriginal population in, by the report's maximum estimate of "one in three" Aboriginal persons separated from their families.
The report stated that "between one in three and one in ten" children were separated from their families.
Given differing populations over a long period of time, different policies at different times in different states which also resulted in different definitions of target childrenand incomplete records, accurate figures are difficult to establish. In certain regions and in certain periods the figure was undoubtedly much greater than one in ten.
In that time not one Indigenous family has escaped the effects of forcible removal confirmed by representatives of the Queensland and WA [Western Australia] Governments in evidence to the Inquiry. Most families have been affected, in one or more generations, by the forcible removal of one or more children.
In some cases, families were required to sign legal documents to relinquish care to the state. It made all their children legal wards of the state, so the government did not require parental permission to relocate the mixed-race children to institutions. This designated his position as the legal guardian of every Aboriginal child in South Australia, not only the so-called "half-castes".
In other instances, parents were told by government officials that their child or children had died, even though this was not the case. One first-hand account referring to events in stated: I was at the post office with my Mum and Auntie [and cousin].
They put us in the police ute and said they were taking us to Broome. They put the mums in there as well. We jumped on our mothers' backs, crying, trying not to be left behind.
But the policemen pulled us off and threw us back in the car. They pushed the mothers away and drove off, while our mothers were chasing the car, running and crying after us.View Notes - Child Rearing in the Victorian Era from ENG at Borough of Manhattan Community College, CUNY.
Child rearing in the Victorian times was not at all similar to child rearing today.
Child Rearing in Victorian Times. 3 pages. Life for Victorian Children in Victorian times ( to ) was nothing like childhood in today’s world. For the wealthy there was an overwhelming sense of boredom and the constant prodding to be proper and polite with very little parent to child communication.
Victorian homes offered children a large network of various caregivers built in to the family structure. and author of many child-rearing guides which were translated into many languages, explains his solution for dealing with the "willful" child and the reasons for his treatment: The Psychohistory Press: An overview of the.
Such children could be and often were dangerous, especially when exploited by hardened criminals; they were a threat to law and order, their wretched lives a blot on the scutcheon of the times. Highly emotive figures are useful in literature, and, proportionately, there are even more orphans on the pages of Victorian fiction than there were on.
Corporal punishment in early education and child care settings. In , the Education and Care Services National Law was introduced by way of an applied law system where the host jurisdiction (Victoria) passed the law (Education and Care Service National Law Act ) and other jurisdictions adopted that law or passed corresponding legislation (Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality.
Child rearing in the Victorian times was not at all similar to child rearing today. There were of course two different categories on how the child was brought up. They went from one extreme to the other. They were the difference of the classes. The life of an upper class child during the Victorian era, was as one may put it, stuffy /5(2).