LinkedIn What is the relationship between strategies of an entities and internal controls? There is direct relationship between the strategies and internal controls because controls are established to attain the objectives. Why obtaining an understanding of internal controls and evaluating the design of controls and determining whether these have been implemented, is not sufficient to serve as testing operating effectiveness of controls?
TruTV While doing this I learned some important vocabulary. As in the Virginia Tech killer who began shooting in one hall, and then Auditing answer across campus and continued shooting in another hall.
As in the Fort Hood shooter who killed 13 people at one military base. As in the Columbine shooting, which is also classified as a spree shooting because they went from room to room.
I selected these lists because they were the most comprehensive of those that I found, and I was seeking as large a data set as possible.
I combined them all, including the first 10 from my previous post, and removed all redundant data for a total list of shootings. While the list was comprehensive, the details about each shooting were not. In each shooting I had a date and a location, but often important details, like the number of people killed, or how the shooter was apprehended were missing.
So, I set to the long task researching each incident to fill in the missing data.
But the reason they call a single death a shooting rampage is because there were many injuries. All relevant data is contained in the links in the finished list below or in the timelines linked above.
Most of the data came from either Wikipedia, a mainstream news article about the incident, or a handy resource I discovered called Murderpedia. Next I removed incidents that did not fit within the scope of this analysis.
Even though every incident on the list was a shooting, not every incident was a rampage shooting. So, I selected for incidents that included at least some indiscriminate targeting of bystanders.
So what remained were specifically rampage shootings in which a killer went someplace public and began firing at random people. Suicide presented a tricky variable in the analysis.
Roughly half of the remaining rampage shooters ended their own lives. So, I removed all incidents where the shooter killed themselves before police arrived reasoning that they had killed all they were going to kill and police had no impact in stopping them.
What I left in were incidents where shooters commit suicide after engaging the police, either during a shootout with police, or after a chase. But I did not include the shooters themselves in the total number of people killed.
I also removed cases like Edward Charles Allaway who shot up a library, then fled to a nearby hotel and called police to turn himself in, and cases like Darrell Ingram who shot up a high school dance and fled the scene only to be apprehended later after a long investigation.
I was only looking for incidents when intervention from police or civilian saved lives. What remained was 32 cases of gunmen firing indiscriminately whose rampage was cut short through the intervention of either a civilian or a police officer.
The List I divided the remaining cases into two categories, those stopped by police and those stopped by civilians. I included both armed and unarmed civilians for reasons that will become clear in the final analysis. They did not fire for fear of hitting innocent bystanders.
Whitman climbed a tower at the University of Texas in Austin, Texas and began shooting at other students and faculty with a sniper rifle.
He finally surrendered after a shoot-out with police. He killed 23 people in all. He committed suicide after being cornered and wounded in a shootout with police.
He killed two people before being tackled by a football player and a coach. His rampage was halted when he was tackled by another student. James Strand lived next door.
When he heard the shots he ran over with his 12 gauge shotgun and apprehended the gunman without firing. He opened fire killing two students, but while reloading a wounded student named Jacob Ryker tackled him. He killed 12 people in all and after a police chase he was surrounded by police at a gas station where he commit suicide.
Three people were killed before the shooter was apprehended by three students, Mikael Gross, Ted Besen, and Tracy Bridges with handguns without firing.The PCAOB establishes auditing and related professional practice standards for registered public accounting firms to follow in the preparation and issuance of audit reports.
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