That is the responsibility of politicians — of all parties, and at all levels of governance — and, arguably, the media.
Includes only "free" elections. Voter turnout varies considerably between nations. Confusingly, some of the factors that cause internal differences do not seem to apply on a global level. For instance, nations with better-educated populaces do not have higher turnouts. There are two main commonly cited causes of these international differences: However, there is much debate over the relative impact of the various factors.
Cultural factors[ edit ] Wealth and literacy have some effect on turnout, but are not reliable measures. Countries such as Angola and Ethiopia have long had high turnouts, but so Can social media increase voter turnout the wealthy states of Europe. The United Nations Human Development Index shows some correlation between higher standards of living and higher turnout.
The age of a democracy is also an important factor. Elections require considerable involvement by the population, and it takes some time to develop the cultural habit of voting, and the associated understanding of and confidence in the electoral process.
This factor may explain the lower turnouts in the newer democracies of Eastern Europe and Latin America. Much of the impetus to vote comes from a sense of civic duty, which takes time and certain social conditions that can take decades to develop: Older people tend to vote more than youths, so societies where the average age is somewhat higher, such as Europe; have higher turnouts than somewhat younger countries such as the United States.
Populations that are more mobile and those that have lower marriage rates tend to have lower turnout. In countries that are highly multicultural and multilingual, it can be difficult for national election campaigns to engage all sectors of the population.
The nature of elections also varies between nations. In the United States, negative campaigning and character attacks are more common than elsewhere, potentially suppressing turnouts. The focus placed on get out the vote efforts and mass-marketing can have important effects on turnout.
Partisanship is an important impetus to turnout, with the highly partisan more likely to vote. Turnout tends to be higher in nations where political allegiance is closely linked to class, ethnic, linguistic, or religious loyalties.
Nations with a party specifically geared towards the working class will tend to have higher turnouts among that class than in countries where voters have only big tent parties, which try to appeal to all the voters, to choose from.
Rules and laws are also generally easier to change than attitudes, so much of the work done on how to improve voter turnout looks at these factors. Making voting compulsory has a direct and dramatic effect on turnout. Simply making it easier for candidates to stand through easier nomination rules is believed to increase voting.
Conversely, adding barriers, such as a separate registration process, can suppress turnout. The salience of an election, the effect that a vote will have on policy, and its proportionality, how closely the result reflects the will of the people, are two structural factors that also likely have important effects on turnout.
Voter registration[ edit ] The modalities of how electoral registration is conducted can also affect turnout. For example, until "rolling registration" was introduced in the United Kingdom, there was no possibility of the electoral register being updated during its currency, or even amending genuine mistakes after a certain cut off date.
The register was compiled in October, and would come into force the next February, and would remain valid until the next January. The electoral register would become progressively more out of date during its period of validity, as electors moved or died also people studying or working away from home often had difficulty voting.
This meant that elections taking place later in the year tended to have lower turnouts than those earlier in the year. The introduction of rolling registration where the register is updated monthly has reduced but not entirely eliminated this issue since the process of amending the register is not automatic, and some individuals do not join the electoral register until the annual October compilation process.
Another country with a highly efficient registration process is France. At the age of eighteen, all youth are automatically registered.Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an regardbouddhiste.comility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population.
Age and citizenship status are often among the criteria used to determine eligibility, but some countries further restrict eligibility based on sex, race, or . Can Social Media Increase Voter Turnout?
Essay Sample. Today, only about half of registered voters in America actually vote; a sad statistic of an uninformed, unconcerned population. Social media networks such as Facebook have proven to not only inform voters but to actually improve voter turnout, by using a get-out-the-vote message.
Social Media Sites Are Making Voter Registration Easier Than Ever Before By Yasaman Khorsandi On 9/28/16 at PM Marissa Jimenez, 22, registers to vote on National Voter Registration Day at the Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk's office in Norwalk, Los Angeles, California, U.S., September Can Social Media Increase Voter Turnout?
Today, only about half of registered voters in America actually vote; a sad statistic of an uninformed, unconcerned population. Social media networks such as Facebook have proven to not only inform voters but to actually improve voter turnout, by using a get-out-the-vote message.
Increase Voter Turnout via Social Media. As social media becomes a more ubiquitous part of our lives, this development is sure to prove to increase voter participation and of course ElectionsOnline will continuously look to further improve the usage and effectiveness of this new feature.
Studies of voter registration systems around the world and recent reforms in the United States suggest that automatic voter registration can significantly increase registration rates and enhance turnout.