Comparison of light microscope and electron microscope

Scanning electron micrograph SEM of various Pollen. Public domain image reference:

Comparison of light microscope and electron microscope

Which type of microscope you need to use depends on what organism you are trying to observe. The Compound Light Microscope The compound light microscope uses optical lenses to bend light and magnify microscopic specimens.

Comparison of light microscope and electron microscope

The lenses used are the objective lenses, which have varying magnifications, and ocular lenses, which have a fixed magnification. These microscopes are great for observing single-celled organisms such as tiny parasites and many types of bacteria.

Maxium Magnification with a Compound Microscope To determine the total magnification when using a compound microscope, multiply the magnification of the objective lens by the ocular lens.

For example, if you are observing a specimen using a 10 times magnification objective lens with a ten times magnification ocular lens, you are seeing the specimen at times magnification. Because of resolution the ability to distinguish between two separate points a compound microscope has a maximum observable magnification of 2, times.

Instead of using lenses and light to magnify a specimen, a scanning electron microscope uses electrons to create a magnified image. The specimen is placed at the bottom of a chamber and all the air is pumped out of the chamber, making it a total vacuum. Next, an electron beam is fired down the chamber, where it bounces off a series of special mirrors until the beam is focused on a single spot on the specimen.

Content: Light Microscope Vs Electron Microscope Zacharias Janssen in invented the first prototype of compound microscope Discovered by Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll in 3 Illuminating source is visible light white light Illuminating source is accelerated beam of electrons from a tungsten filament 4 Uses optical lenses to bend light beam to form the image of specimen Uses electromagnets electromagnetic lenses to bend beam of electron to form the image of specimen 5 Wave length of light used is to nm Wave length of electron beam used is 0. For the visualization of images, fluorescent screen or photographic plates are used 18 Colour imparting dyes are used for staining to provide contrast and differentiation Heavy metals are used as stains, which deflect the electron rays to produce the image 19 Natural colour of specimen can be visualized Natural colour of specimen cannot be visualized 20 Live cell imaging is possible and hence the living cellular processes can be visualized Live cell imaging is not possible and hence the living cellular processes cannot be visualized 21 Colour photography is possible Colour photography is not possible.
The Comparison of a Light Microscope to an Electron Microscope | Sciencing Can view both live and dead specimens Views only dead specimens Good surface view and internal details Uses light rays to illuminate specimens Uses a beam of electrons to view specimens Lenses are made of glass Lenses are made of electromagnets Low resolving power, usually below 0. High resolving power of up to 0.
Difference between Electron Microscope and Light Microscope - MD Illuminating source is the beam of electrons. Specimen preparation takes usually few minutes to hours.

Then a series of scanning coils move this focused electron beam across the specimen. The electron beam bumps off the electrons that already exist on the specimen. When these electrons are knocked off the specimen, the electron detector picks them up, and then they are amplified. The amplifier converts these electrons into an image, which is displayed on a monitor.

Because a compound microscope uses light, its resolution is limited to. A micrometer is one millionth of a meter. Electrons, however, have a much smaller wavelength, and therefore the total magnification of a scanning electron microscope istimes with a resolution of.

A nanometer is a billionth of a meter. Choosing Between the Two When trying to choose between a compound microscope and a scanning electron microscope, think about what you are trying to do and the resources available. The scanning electron microscope is a wonderful piece of technology but has a few distinct drawbacks.

The first is cost. The second drawback is in the use. The proper use of a scanning electron microscope takes years to master. A compound microscope, on the other hand, is relatively inexpensive, takes very little training to operate, and is the perfect size for the professional and amateur microbiologist.

He has been a freelance writer within his community ever since.Jul 06,  · The most common categories are the light microscope and the electron microscope. Each of these microscopes has distinct features and is suitable for different purposes – from the magnification of simple objects such as living cells to complex objects such as the details of a nucleus in a cell/10().

Difference between Light Microscope and Electron Microscope (Light Microscope vs Electron Microscope) Light microscope has useful magnification of x to x. The source of illumination for object is the visible wavelength ranging from A .

Light Microscope Vs Electron Microscope: Similarities and Differences- A Comparison Table There are more animals living in the scum on the teeth in a man’s mouth than there are men in a whole kingdom. Bacteria and small blue-green and green algae could not always be differentiated with the light microscope, but this was easily done by electron microscopy.

Our results show that transmission electron microscopy can be used for checking light microscopic counts of microorganisms in lake water. Comparison between a light microscope and an electron microscope: Both light microscopes and electron microscopes use radiation (light or electron beams) to form larger and more detailed images of objects than the human eye can produce unaided.

List the similarities and differences between electron microscopes and light microscopes. Electron microscopes . Jul 06,  · The most common categories are the light microscope and the electron microscope.

Each of these microscopes has distinct features and is suitable for different purposes – from the magnification of simple objects such as living cells to complex objects such as the details of a nucleus in a cell/10(44).

Light Microscope Vs. Electron Microscope: A Detailed Comparison