Our members share great pride in our commitment to each other, in every harmony we create, and in the community for which we sing. PILF accomplishes this goal by raising funds and distributing grant money to students who have public interest jobs and who contribute a certain amount of time to PILF's fundraising efforts.
The President of India is head of the executive branch, under Articles 52 and 53, with the duty of preserving, protecting and defending the constitution and the law under Article Article 74 provides for a Prime Minister as head of the Council of Ministerswhich aids and advises the president in the performance of their constitutional duties.
The council is answerable to the lower house under Article 75 3. The constitution is considered federal in nature, and unitary in spirit. It has features of a federation a codifiedsupreme constitution, a three-tier governmental structure [central, state and local], division of powersbicameralism and an independent judiciary and unitary features such as a single constitution, single citizenshipan integrated judiciary, a flexible constitution, a strong central governmentappointment of state governors by the central government, All India Services the IASIFS and IPS and emergency provisions.
This unique combination makes it quasi-federal in form. Analogous to the president and prime minister, each has a governor or in union territories a lieutenant governor and a chief minister.
Article permits the president to dismiss a state government and assume direct authority if a situation arises in which state government cannot be conducted in accordance with constitution.
This power, known as president's rulewas abused as state governments came to be dismissed on flimsy grounds for Constitutional law i project topics reasons. Union of India decision,   such a course of action is more difficult since the courts have asserted their right of review.
Constitution and legislature See also: List of amendments of the Constitution of India Amendments Amendments are additions, variations or repeal of any part of the constitution by Parliament. An amendment bill must be passed by each house of Parliament by a with a two-thirds majority of its total membership when at least two-thirds are present and vote.
Certain amendments pertaining to the constitution's federal nature must also be ratified by a majority of state legislatures. Unlike ordinary bills in accordance with Article except for money billsthere is no provision for a joint session of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha to pass a constitutional amendment.
During a parliamentary recess, the president cannot promulgate ordinances under his legislative powers under ArticleChapter III. Deemed amendments to the constitution which can be passed under the legislative powers of parliament were invalidated by Article 1 in the Twenty-fourth Amendment.
Basic structure doctrine In Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Keralathe Supreme Court ruled that an amendment cannot destroy what it seeks to modify; it cannot tinker with the constitution's basic structure or framework, which are immutable. Such an amendment will be declared invalid, although no part of the constitution is protected from amendment; the basic structure doctrine does not protect any one provision of the constitution.
According to the doctrine, the constitution's basic features when "read as a whole" cannot be abridged or abolished. These "basic features" have not been fully defined,  and whether a particular provision of the constitution is a "basic feature" is decided by the courts.
State of Kerala decision laid down the constitution's basic structure: The Supreme Court or a high court may declare the amendment null and void if this is violated, after a judicial review. This is typical of parliamentary governments, where the judiciary checks parliamentary power.
In its Golak Nath v. State of Punjab decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the state of Punjab could not restrict any fundamental rights protected by the basic structure doctrine. The courts are expected to remain unaffected by pressure exerted by other branches of the state, citizens or interest groups.
An independent judiciary has been held as a basic feature of the constitution,   which cannot be changed by the legislature or the executive. The constitution is the supreme power of the nation, and governs all laws. According to Article 13, All pre-constitutional laws, if they conflict wholly or in part with the constitution, shall have all conflicting provisions deemed ineffective until an amendment to the constitution ends the conflict; the law will again come into force if it is compatible with the constitution as amended the Doctrine of Eclipse.
In such situations, the Supreme Court or a high court determines if a law is in conformity with the constitution. If such an interpretation is not possible because of inconsistency and where separation is possiblethe provision which is inconsistent with the constitution is considered void.
In addition to Article 13, Articles 32, and provide the constitutional basis for judicial review.
The Supreme Court ruled in.Overview of the case law, statutes, and policies reforming the criminal laws that apply to juveniles (under age 18) or youthful offenders (under age 26) who are sentenced to life without parole, life with the possibility of parole, or long determinate (set length) sentences.
Feb 01, · Human Rights/Constitutional Law Commercial Law Medical Law Additional LinksRelated Introduction The following guide outlines a variety of law dissertation titles across several disciplines such as company law, criminal law and human rights law.
Constitutional Law I - Project Topics. Topics: India, Australian Constitutional Law Question One In order to determine whether Y and Z are subject to the proposed law, the activities of the milling business must be examined and a connection to s51(i) of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act1 (hereafter referred to as the Common.
First Amendment [Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition ()] (see explanation)Second Amendment [Right to Bear Arms ()] (see explanation)Third Amendment [Quartering of . The Blockchain Project was created by Associate Clinical Professor Aaron Wright, a leader in legal education in the field of law and technology.
Blockchain technology is revolutionizing finance, creating new outlooks for the world’s financial systems, eliminating the need for a central bank or human intermediaries, and using code to facilitate automated transactions.
The Constitution Project has joined the Project On Government Oversight! TCP and POGO will make a great team in effectively responding to some of the most significant threats to our constitutional rights.