Divine Law The play opens with the debate between the sisters Antigone and Ismene about which law comes first—the religious duty of citizens, or the civil duty? Antigone invites Ismene to join her in burying their brother Polyneices, though the king has forbidden burial on pain of death.
For ordering information, please click here. Caligula Empire of Augustus and Tiberius Gaius Caesar was born on the last day of August in 12 CE, and as the youngest son of the popular Germanicus he was affectionately called Caligula for the military boots he wore as a child among the soldiers on the Rhine.
After his father died, he was adopted by Emperor Tiberius. Although his two brothers and mother were killed, Caligula managed to survive by joining in the perversions of the Emperor at Capri for six years.
Tiberius predicted that Caligula would mean his own death and universal ruin, saying he Creon tragic hero essay nursing a viper in Rome's bosom.
According to Suetonius Caligula seduced Ennia Naevia, the wife of praetorian prefect Macro, who helped him stay alive and alter the will of Tiberius, supplanting Tiberius Gemellus, grandson of Tiberius.
When Caligula entered Rome, a mob made him absolute ruler. Caligula stopped treason trials, recalled political exiles, allowed suppressed works to be published, abolished the sales tax, doubled bounty rates Tiberius had promised praetorian cohorts, provided games and spectacles, and was greeted with enthusiasm after the reclusive years of his predecessor.
For several months Caligula gave his personal attention to governing before he suffered a serious illness. At first Romans were delighted with Caligula's recovery; but then his behavior became monstrous for its atrocities according to historians such as Suetonius.
He was elected consul and chose his uncle Claudius as his companion consul.
Caligula transferred elections from the Senate to the people and moved the imperial mint to Rome. He had killed or drove to suicide many prominent Romans including Tiberius Gemellus and Macro.
As his profligate spending used up funds, he revived treason trials to take money from the wealthy and imposed new taxes. He immediately accepted the honors and titles Augustus had taken decades to reluctantly acquire. Caligula slept with all three of his sisters, treating Drusilla like a wife.
When she died in 38 CE, he had her declared a goddess; during mourning he made it a capital crime to laugh, dine, or bathe with relatives.
With imperial power his irrational behavior had few boundaries, as his peculiar whims no matter how cruel were obeyed out of fear. He often quoted Accius that he did not mind being hated as long as he was feared. He doted on actors, gladiators, and wives he desired.
He used senators' wives and boys in a palace brothel to raise money. Many were killed for their money, and older citizens he called relatives in order to inherit their property. His greed was such that he enjoyed wallowing in large piles of gold.
Caligula forced many men to compete as gladiators alone and in groups and in doing so was not bound by the usual laws. The appearance of democracy soon gave way to tyranny as he abolished the elections.
In 39 Caligula went to Germany to punish a suspected conspiracy by executing the commander of the upper Rhine legions, Gaetulicus, and a possible heir apparent, Lepidus; he sent his sisters Agrippina and Livilla into exile.
After claiming to have fought Germans, Caligula entered Gaul to expropriate more money. At Lyons he auctioned imperial property at outrageous prices and sponsored a contest in Latin and Greek rhetoric with humiliating punishments for the losers. Instead of crossing over to Britain, Caligula ordered his soldiers to pick up seashells, possibly a currency in some countries.
He pretended to have made great conquests but in fact had only accepted the surrender of Adminius, who had been banished by his father, the British king Cymbeline. Caligula established the kingdoms of Lesser Armenia, Pontus, and part of Thrace for the three sons of Cotys he had been raised with at Rome.
His removal of the Armenian king allowed the Parthians to take over there.
Caligula gave the tetrarchies of Philip and Herod Antipas to his friend Herod Agrippa, who persuaded him to change the plans about his statue in the Jerusalem temple.
After ordering Mauretanian king Ptolemy to kill himself, his army was resisted in trying to annex that kingdom.
Caligula's megalomania aiming at his deification offended Jews, whom he therefore hated.Creon as Tragic Hero of Sophocles' Antigone Essay - Creon as Tragic Hero of Sophocles' Antigone There has always been a bit of confusion as to the tragic hero of the Greek Drama Antigone.
BECK index Roman Decadence Caligula Claudius Nero Seneca's Tragedies Seneca's Stoic Ethics Judean and Roman Wars Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Iris, Athenian red-figure lekythos C5th B.C., Rhode Island School of Design Museum IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of regardbouddhiste.com was a goddess of sea and sky--her father Thaumas "the wondrous" was a marine-god, and her mother Elektra "the amber" a cloud-nymph.
Get an answer for 'How is Oedipus in "Oedipus Rex" a tragic hero?' and find homework help for other The Oedipus Trilogy questions at eNotes. Antigone: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.