Messenger Tensions between Sunnis and Shias have been flaring up, with several incidents of violence reported in recent months: Earlier in June, the Islamic State claimed responsibility for two attacks that claimed at least 12 lives in Iran.
Shia view of Ali and Succession to Muhammad Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet.
They believe God chose Ali to be Muhammad's successor, infallible, the first caliph khalifah, head of state of Islam. Hadith of Warning Muhammad invited people to Islam in secret for three years before he started inviting them publicly.
In the fourth year of Islam, when Muhammad was commanded to invite his closer relatives to come to Islam  he gathered the Banu Hashim clan in a ceremony. At the banquet, he was about to invite them to Islam when Abu Lahab interrupted him, after which everyone left the banquet. The Prophet ordered Ali to invite the 40 people again.
The second time, Muhammad announced Islam to them and invited them to join. I praise Allah, and I seek His guidance. I believe in Him and I put my trust in Him.
I bear witness that there is no god except Allah; He has no partners; and I am His messenger. Allah has commanded me to invite you to His religion by saying: And warn thy nearest kinsfolk.
I, therefore, warn you, and call upon you to testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am His messenger. O ye sons of Abdul Muttalib, no one ever came to you before with anything better than what I have brought to you.
By accepting it, your welfare will be assured in this world and in the Hereafter. Who among you will support me in carrying out this momentous duty? Who will share the burden of this work with me? Who will respond to my call?
Who will become my vicegerent, my deputy and my wazir? Muhammad told him to sit down, saying, "Wait! Perhaps someone older than you might respond to my call.
Once again, Ali was the only one to respond, and again, Muhammad told him to wait. Muhammad then asked the members of Banu Hashim a third time. Ali was still the only volunteer. This time, Ali's offer was accepted by Muhammad.
Muhammad "drew [Ali] close, pressed him to his heart, and said to the assembly: Listen to him and obey his commands. Let all listen to his words, and obey him. While returning from the Hajj pilgrimage, the Islamic prophet Muhammad gathered all the Muslims who were with him and gave a long sermon.
This sermon included Muhammad's declaration that "to whomsoever I am MawlaAli is also their Mawla. Shia Muslims believe this event to be the official appointment of Ali as Muhammad's successor.
Reflect on the Quran and comprehend its verses. Look into its clear verses and do not follow its ambiguous parts, for by Allah, none shall be able to explain to you its warnings and its mysteries, nor shall anyone clarify its interpretation, other than the one that I have grasped his hand, brought up beside myself, [and lifted his arm,] the one about whom I inform you that whomever I am his master Mawla [a]then Ali is his master Mawla ; and he is Ali Ibn Abi Talib, my brother, the executor of my will Wasiyyiwhose appointment as your guardian and leader has been sent down to me from Allah, the mighty and the majestic.
Further, according to Shias, the combination of these words proves that Ali's leadership, as described by Muhammad in this sermon, is both a religious leadership as well as a political leadership, as the meanings of these words indicate.
Umar was reportedly the first to give the oath of allegiance to Ali. Shia Muslims believe this to be Muhammad's appointment of Ali as his successor. Ali did not accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr and refused to pledge allegiance to him.
This is indicated in both Sunni and Shia sahih and authentic Hadith.Numbers. Sunnis are a majority in most Muslim communities in Southeast Asia, China, South Asia, Africa, most of the Arab World, and among Muslims in the United States (of which 85–90% are Sunnis).
This can also be confusing because the majority of Arab Muslims in the United States are Shia, while the majority of Arab Americans are Christians, the conflation of Arab and Muslim being quite common. Area: This entry includes three subfields. Total area is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
Land area is the aggregate of all surfaces delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines, excluding inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Jan 04, · More than 85 percent of the world’s billion Muslims are Sunni. They live across the Arab world, as well as in countries like Turkey, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia.
Sunni and Shia Islam are the two largest branches of Islam with significant similarities, as well as major differences, between their beliefs. Despite differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims, both respect the Qur’an as the Holy Book.
The name Sunni is derived from the word “Sunnah” which. The major difference between Sunni and Wahabi is the beliefs and rituals. Sunnis are in majority and almost 90% percent of Muslims around the world belong to Sunni sect whereas the members of Wahabi movement are located in Saudi Arab.
There are a few main and major as well as many secondary. The division has its roots in a rift between the Sunni and Shia disciplines of Islam that opened 1, years ago.