Opiummorphineheroinand related synthetics The opiates are unrivalled in their ability to relieve pain. Opium is the dried milky exudate obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferumwhich grows naturally throughout most of Turkey. Of the 20 or more alkaloids found in opium, only a few are pharmacologically active. The important constituents of opium are morphine 10 percentpapaverine 1 percentcodeine 0.
Computers and Society Dr. Siegfried A General Introduction to the Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Computing The digital computer is a key technology of the modern era and has been central and essential to key operations in modern industrial society, including manufacturing, transport and distribution, government, the military, health services, education and research.
And their impact will most likely increased over the next century. We have also discovered that we are vulnerable to their malfunction and misuse, creating problems such as computer crime, software theft, hacking, viruses, invasions of privacy, an over- reliance on intelligent machines and workplace stress, each of which has created one or more ethical dilemmas for the computer profession.
Most technological problems these days get blamed on computers including power supplies failing, phone systems going down, air traffic controls seizing up, traffic lights on the blink.
Also computers get blamed for mistakes made by utilities, governmental agencies, credit-checking bureaus, the police, etc. Computers have been the cause of several major blunders: Computers are vulnerable to a variety of physical breaches, including: Setagaya, Japan, telephone office fire in cutting off data and 89, telephone lines.
Fiber optic cables eaten by beavers in Missouri, foxes in outback Australia, sharking and fishing trawlers in the Pacific Ocean and accidental cut by New Jersey repairman.
New social problems caused by computerization Computer crime New technology brings with it new opportunities for crime, but in many ways, computers and computer networks have left many open doors for criminal to enter. People are stealing or doctoring data, or threatening to destroy data to extort money from companies.
Desktop publishing has made forgery and counterfeiting easier than it used to be, as is phone fraud. Users have an opinion on the ethics of copying software that does not match the publishers and it is not always certain where the law stands on this around the world.
Companies are not sure whether copyrights or patents is the best way to protect intellectual property and several look and feel cases have left the issues unresolved. The large question is how to protect intellectual property right without stifling creativity overall.
KaZaa and other file-swapping sites have caused music and movies to be copied illegally and widely disseminated. It is estimated that such illegal product costs the music industry more than million dollars a year domestically source: Hacking Attacks by hackers and computer viruses have cost computer operators a great deal of time and money.
The most infamous virus is the Internet worm started by Robert Morris intying up computer systems nationwide. While some people think that hackers are guardians of civil liberties, most legal systems view them as trespassers and vandals.
Such bugs in helicopter control systems, air traffic control systems, railroad signals and ambulance dispatch systems can cost lives as well.
US Defense Department runaways are rumored to cost even more. Netiquette "Netiquette" is network etiquette, the do's and don'ts of online communication. Netiquette covers both common courtesy online and the informal "rules of the road" of cyberspace. Or you might misunderstand what others say and take offense when it's not intended.
To make matters worse, something about cyberspace makes it easy to forget that you're interactig with real people - not just ASCII characters on a screen, but live human characters.
There have been data disasters involving mistaken identities, data mix-ups, and doctored data which adversely affect people's lives, including driving and credit records.
AI and Expert Systems There is a hornets' net of issues associated by giving the computer the ability to make medical, legal, judicial, political and administrative decisions.
Given what we know about unreliable software, is it wise to trust it? And what is product liability on this kind of matter.
Computers in the Workplace This has led to 2 primary issues: Ethical Dilemmas for Computer Users Some of these dilemmas are new such as copying softwarewhile others are new version of older problems dealing with right and wrong, honesty, loyalty, responsibility, confidentiality, trust, accountability, and fairness.
Users face some of these problems while computer professionals face all of them. Some of these involve crimes, many that people frequently regard as "victimless" crimes. Are they truly victimless? Which is more important:Dec 20, · The other major issue which the industry has (I work in the industry and have been very vocal about this, but with little effect) is the heavy reliance and promotion of UK expedition leaders.
With world tea consumption expected to reach million tonnes by , the industry must address the ethical issues that leave it lagging behind in sustainability. An Introduction to the Ethical Issues in Genetically Modified Foods Margaret R. McLean This talk was delivered at the conference "The Future of Food: Legal and Ethical Challenges," held at Santa Clara University April 15, Oct 12, · Your employees face ethical dilemmas every day in the workplace.
They might be tempted to leave work early, take credit for the work of others or lie to a . Early career.
Dhirubhai Ambani founded Reliance Industries in During his early life, he worked in an oil company and petrol pump as a labourer in Yemen. He then came to India with ₹ and started a textile trading company in Jul 05, · Trump EPA chief Scott Pruitt resigns as ethical scandals mount.
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt resigned, President Donald .