A Comparison of Piaget Freud and Erikson The field of psychology may have grown to be respected as a science. Objectivity and the scientific method are both part of the psychologist's mode of operation.
After all, every clinician who works with kids routinely and almost reflexively thinks of these scholars. The irony is that the theories are so pervasive and useful, that often the beginnings of these theories are lost in the story.
Roughly speaking, these theories can be categorized as emotional, cognitive and moral.
Erik Erikson developed the most common theories of emotional development. Jean Piaget developed the most common theories of cognitive development. And, Lawrence Kohlberg developed the dominant theories of moral development. Erikson saw the world as a series of age-matched developmental crises, and he conceptualized these crises as binary and competing values.
Infancy, for example, is characterized by Trust a positive value versus Mistrust a negative value. Adolescence is a battle between Identity Formation good versus Role Diffusion bad. These ideas actually stem directly from the psychoanalytic notions that Sigmund Freud put on the map, namely that past experience influences future feelings and behaviors.
Erickson studied children and adults, and he characterized each stage of development as follows: Mistrust 2 years Will: Guilt Preschool, years Competence: Inferiority years Fidelity: Role Confusion years Love: Isolation years Care: Stagnation years Wisdom: Despair death You can see from the bold print that Erickson associated certain personality characteristics with successful passage through these crises.
He called these characteristics values. The infant who can trust, develops hope; the young adult who can be intimate, develops the capacity to love. In this sense, Erickson created a mechanism by which different individuals can be developmentally assessed.
The adult who feels ashamed is automatically thrown back to the age where she first experienced shame; as shame occurs at around age 2 to 4, Erickson would argue that the ashamed adult will more likely act like a toddler. And, an adult behaving like a toddler gets into more trouble. This helps to provide a roadmap for the clinician.
This way of looking at development has its critics. Not all cultures, for example, view adolescence as a time for identity formation.
The Freud vs piaget - battle of two theories is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents. If you are stuck with writing or missing ideas, scroll down and find inspiration in the best samples. Freud vs piaget - battle of two theories is quite a rare and popular topic for writing an essay, but it certainly is in our database. Lifespan Theories. Learning Objectives. By the end of this section, you will be able to: they adjust their schemata through two processes: assimilation and accommodation. First, Like Freud and Erikson, Piaget thought development unfolds in a series of stages approximately associated with age ranges. His cause of death is unknown (NNDB, ). Piaget’s work was in the developmental psychology area. Piaget had studied Freud’s work and created his own human development theory based on cognitive growth in fixed stages. Like Freud, Piaget’s work is still followed and studied by psychologists today.
Gil Noam, an internationally-known developmental psychologist at Harvard, has noted as well that Erickson seemed to skip an important stage between the values of competence and fidelity.
Noam notes that young adolescents, or middle school kids, are less concerned with who they are as individuals, and more with what group defines them—hence, the emphasis on popularity in middle school. Piaget watched how kids figure things out.
He noticed that when kids are teeny, they do lots of touching and tasting. From this, he decided that very young kids learn about their new world by doing simple experiments.
What does that cat feel like? How does the side of the table taste? After that, he felt that children moved onto a more binary view of the world. He decided, therefore, that young school-aged kids are focused primarily on a black-and -white view of the world. But then he noticed that as that first grader moves through elementary school, her views of the world change; at first, four fouls is an out every single time.
By second grade, four fouls is an out because those are the rules that are used to keep the game fun.
By sixth grade, kids start to eschew the rules altogether.Comparison of the Five Developmental Perspectives and their Theories (Freud Find this Pin and more on Study & Know for ASWB LCSW Exam by Jessica Twaddle. Comparison of the Five Developmental Perspectives and their Theories (Freud, Piaget, Erikson, Vygotsky, Bandura, etc.).
His cause of death is unknown (NNDB, ). Piaget’s work was in the developmental psychology area. Piaget had studied Freud’s work and created his own human development theory based on cognitive growth in fixed stages.
Like Freud, Piaget’s work is still followed and studied by psychologists today. A Comparison of Piaget Freud and Erikson These theories also differed with their. respect towards paradigmatic assumptions, learning and development, and place between the ages of two and three years of age.
The erogenous zone. shifts location, thus moving from one stage to another. The second erogenous. The Freud vs piaget - battle of two theories is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents.
If you are stuck with writing or missing ideas, scroll down and find inspiration in the best samples. Freud vs piaget - battle of two theories is quite a rare and popular topic for writing an essay, but it certainly is in our database. Two of those theorists, Freud and Erikson, were instrumental in creating a foundation for child-psychology to build on.
From a Freudian perspective, human development is centered on psychosexual theory. Freud and Piaget: Comparing and Contrasting a Psychoanalytical and Cognitive Theory of Human Development-Jaime Lee Mitchell Examining the Freudian view of human development, it is seen that the main focus characterizing human development is one of a primitive and sexual nature/5(6).