Genographic project criticism

This statement contradicts the HGDP article which does not indicate the the project has been terminated or has not produced any results. This wording smacks of POV.

Genographic project criticism

See Article History Genographic Project, a nonprofit collaborative genetic anthropological study begun in that was intended to shed light on the history of human migration through the analysis of DNA samples contributed by people worldwide. The project, which aimed to analyze more thanDNA samples collected from indigenous peoples, as well as tens of thousands of samples contributed by the general public, was the largest of its kind.

Originally expected to last five years, fieldwork and analysis continued beyond The project consisted of three main components: Fieldwork was conducted by investigators from research institutes and laboratories worldwide and concerned the collection and analysis of DNA samples from collaborating indigenous populations.

The public awareness and participation campaign focused on the sale of buccal cheek swab kits, which allowed participants to submit their own DNA samples for analysis in order to learn about their personal ancient migration history.

The findings from the fieldwork and public participation analyses were released into the public domain. The third component, the Genographic Legacy Fund, which was launched inused proceeds from the sale of public participation kits for educational programs and indigenous cultural and language preservation projects.

While valuable discoveries had come from analyses of this cohort, which Wells had helped to assemble, there remained important questions that could be answered only by investigating larger sets of samples. This need, Wells believed, could be met most efficiently through a global collaborative undertaking, and hence the Genographic Project was born.

Among the questions of greatest interest to Genographic scientists were those concerning the process by which Homo sapiens migrated out of Africa and dispersed to other parts of the world and how factors such as culture influenced patterns of genetic diversity. The Y chromosome allows the paternal lineage of males to be traced back many generations, in part because it contains regions of DNA that do not undergo recombination the mixing of genetic material between chromosomes during the process of cell division that gives rise to eggs and sperm.

Human mtDNA may be nonrecombinant as well, and, because it is inherited maternally in both sexes, scientists can use it to trace the maternal lineages of males and females. The process of tracing Y chromosome and mtDNA lineages is facilitated by the existence of mutationswhich serve as genetic markers and are carried by all the descendants of the individuals in whom the mutations first appeared.

When combined with archaeological and linguistic data, genetic markers can provide valuable information about the geographical location and migration patterns of ancestral populations. A variety of studies were performed under the Genographic Project, and many of these led to intriguing discoveries about human ancestry and genetics.

For instance, an analysis of mtDNA sequences of modern Khoisan peoples, who are indigenous to South Africaindicated that this group split from other H. In a study of Y-chromosome diversity, researchers found that two Sino-Tibetan populations, the Lhoba Luoba and the Deng, migrated into the eastern Himalayas through at least two routes.

Other investigations led to the discovery that Maronites in Lebanon share not only a religious identity but a genetic one as well and to the identification of previously unknown genetic variations in mtDNA. Ethical and social issues The Genographic Project was guided by an ethical framework that included approval of research protocols by independent committees, approval by government committees where necessary, participant consent, and confidentiality.

Indigenous concerns built into the framework included election to participate, informed consent, and reciprocitywhich was channeled through the Genographic Legacy Fund in the form of funding for communities that applied for support for preservation or development projects.

In addition, participating individuals and indigenous communities owned their samples and data, enabling them to withdraw from the project at any time and preventing researchers from patenting their discoveries.

Despite the ethical standards, in the project was condemned by the Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism, and the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues requested that the project be suspended. Some groups also claimed that the project was intended as a bioprospecting endeavour, seeking to profit from the unique genetic constitution of indigenous peoples though this was not possible given that indigenous communities retained ownership of their samples and data.

While these setbacks greatly hampered research in some places, other indigenous groups embraced the project and the funding opportunities it presented.The Genographic Project is seeking to chart new knowledge about the migratory history of the human species by using sophisticated laboratory and computer analysis of DNA contributed by hundreds of thousands of people from around the world.

"The Genographic Project might meet similar criticism," says Weiss, who is not involved in the new project. "After all, some of the lead board members of both projects-such as L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza, who stressed the sampling of indigenous populations instead of the whole species-are the same people.".

The Genographic Project seeks to chart new knowledge about the migratory history of the human species and answer age-old questions surrounding the genetic diversity of humanity. The project is a not-for-profit, five-year, global research partnership of National Geographic and IBM launched in Introducing Geno National Geographic’s Genographic Project.

Genographic project criticism

Since its launch in , National Geographic’s Genographic Project has worked with indigenous communities and the general public, using advanced DNA analysis to help answer fundamental questions about where humans originated and how we came to populate the Earth.

The Genographic Project is an ambitious attempt to help answer fundamental questions about where we came from and how we came to populate the earth. Building on the science from the earlier phases of the Genographic Project, Geno Next Generation uses sophisticated, cutting-edge technology to.

The Genographic Project has been around since but recently switched over to Helix's next-generation sequencing platform.

Genographic project criticism

I wanted to try it.

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