Almost every piece of writing you do that is longer than a few sentences should be organized into paragraphs. This is because paragraphs show a reader where the subdivisions of an essay begin and end, and thus help the reader see the organization of the essay and grasp its main points.
The introduction opening paragraph basically accomplishes two goals: Open with a series of questions about the topic. Present startling or unusual facts or figures.
Define an important, subject related term. Quote a well known person or literary work. Body Developmental paragraphs body paragraphs are the heart of an essay. They must clearly and logically support the thesis. They must be arranged in the best possible way, e.
The paragraphs should flow smoothly from one to the next, e. In addition, minor supporting ideas are linked together within the paragraphs in a smooth manner.
Conclusion The conclusion is the summary paragraph. It should accomplish the following: Development General-to-specific sequence The topic sentence should be the first sentence in a paragraph.
The topic sentence is a general statement introducing the paragraph and is followed by specific details that expand, explain, or illustrate the topic sentence. Unity All the sentences should relate to one topic.
Completeness Supporting ideas should be developed enough to cover the topic. Coherence Coherence equals connection and consistency. Body paragraphs should flow smoothly from one to the next, e. Within a paragraph, there are three major ways to develop coherence through related sentences: Repetition of important words and pronouns - Repetition of key words helps the reader follow from sentence to sentence as important terms are defined and the relationship between them is explained.
Synonyms and substitutions - Synonyms are two or more words that have nearly the same thing. Substitution is a word that describes the subject. Transitional expressions - Transitional expressions are words and phrases that point out the exact relationship between one idea and another, one sentence and another, e.
Just as the sentences within a paragraph should flow smoothly, so the paragraphs within an essay should be clearly linked one to the next.
The first sentence of each new paragraph is linked to the thesis statement or to the paragraph before. The following are four ways to link paragraphs: Repetition of key words or ideas from the thesis statement 2.
Reference to words or ideas from the preceding paragraph 3. Use of transitional expressions 4.
Use of transitional sentences A closer look at development Comparison and Contrast There are two ways to present similarities and differences between two things being compared or contrasted.
Point 1 Point 2 Then all B: Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 This pattern is good for short compositions. The reader can easily remember what was said about A by the time he or she gets around to B.
Point-by-point topic by topic This method moves back and forth between A and B, presenting one point about A and then going to the parallel point about B.
Then, it moves to the next point and does the same. By going back and forth, the writer makes it easier for the reader to keep the contrasts or comparisons in mind. Extended Definition There are five basic methods to expand a definition: Comparing it to something else 2.
Telling what it is not 3.A key concept – move from general to particular. Before you read on it will help to understand this concept: If you want to explain something, it is almost always a good idea to start with a general explanation before you add any details. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
Grammar rules exist so that we don’t sound like complete idiots when we write. Most of them have a good reason for being around; after all, clarity in communication is a good thing. Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. Contact Us () Contact & Department it's important that your topic sentence isn't too ambitious.
If your topic sentence points to two or three ideas, consider developing more paragraphs. take a second look. It might be that your topic sentence isn't adequately focusing your paragraph and. Advanced Course - English Writing by regardbouddhiste.comvic 10 Key Principles for Designing Video Games for Foreign Language Learning.
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