However, if we take a look at researches in motivation, it is hard to say what motivation is. This paper begins with the definition of motivation and describes types of motivation. Then, it breaks down into parts which consist of motivation. Finally, it addresses how we can motivate students in language learning.
Videos There are many different theories of motivation. In Educational Psychology, we focus specifically on motivation for learning rather than for behavior.
The major types of motivation for learning are intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation comes from within the student or from factors inherent in the task being performed.
For example, students who love to read are intrinsically motivated to read - there is something about reading that they enjoy and that makes them want to do it even if there is no "reward" for it. Extrinsic motivation comes from sources external to the student and the task.
It can come through praise, recognition, or a system of rewards. For example, for students who do not enjoy reading, a token economy involving stickers or a class store may prompt them to read more often. As teachers, we hope to promote intrinsic motivation in our students as it encourages life-long learning.
It is difficult to encourage intrinsic motivation all of the time, however, especially because we spend over hours per year in the classroom. Some strategies for promoting intrinsic motivation include arousing interest in the subject matter, maintaining curiosity, using a variety of interesting presentation modes, and helping students set their own goals.
A number of other strategies such as student choice, demonstrating the relevance or usefulness of content, and collaboration can also help encourage intrinsic motivation. We will sometimes need to use extrinsic motivators, as well.
Be sure to use them only when the task is uninteresting to students, and make sure that the motivators are contingent on performance and recognize competence.
Extrinsic motivators can also help to develop intrinsic motivation. Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs is another important perspective of motivation.
It states that each person has basic needs such as food, shelter, love, etc. The number of levels in the heirarchy can be debated, but the following seems to be quite thorough: Click on the hierarchy to view a larger version. Developing Learners 4th ed.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Classroom goals, structures, and student motivation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84 3 From theory to practice. Achievement motivation and attribution theory. School motivation of boys and girls: Differences of degree, differences of kind, or both?
Australian Journal of Psychology, Dec, Vol. Vavilis, Bob; Vavilis, Sheri L. Phi Delta Kappan, Dec, Vol. Coaching to ensure excellence. Children and Their Basic Needs.In review of this theory, this literary review will focus on the strengths, weaknesses, and the modernization of Herzberg’s Two-Factor Motivation Theory as well as introduce other relative theories on motivation and employee satisfaction.
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|Affect in Language Learning: Motivation||By Stephen Knapp If we are going to understand the essential truths in Vedic literature, then we must get a glimpse of the content and purpose of its many texts and the expansive nature of the knowledge it contains.|
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Vedic Literature. And the Knowledge Within By Stephen Knapp. If we are going to understand the essential truths in Vedic literature, then we must get a glimpse of the content and purpose of its many texts and the expansive nature of the knowledge it contains.
6 — MSP-MAP II: A Guide to Resources Teacher Motivation and Professional Development: A Guide to Resources provides information on teach- er motivation for those planning, conducting, and evaluating PD in math and science.
There are many different theories of motivation. In Educational Psychology, we focus specifically on motivation for learning rather than for behavior.
Theories of Emotion. There are different theories of emotion to explain what emotions are and how they operate.
This is challenging, since emotions can be analyzed from many different perspectives. A Brief Literature Review on Employee Motivation Posted on March 25, by John Dudovskiy Bruce and Pepitone () propose an interesting viewpoint according to which managers cannot motivate employees; managers can only influence what employees are motivated to do.