I have been one acquainted with the night.
But as centuries have passed, its notoriety has increased. Recent calls to provide trigger-warnings to university students before they study the work tell us as much about modern Western attitudes towards sex, Poetic elements in leda and the and censorship as the Metamorphoses tells us about the gender politics of ancient Rome.
Beginning with the creation of the world, and ending with Rome in his own lifetime, the Metamorphoses drags the reader through time and space, from beginnings to endings, from life to death, from moments of delicious joy to episodes of depravity and abjection.
Such is life, Ovid would say. The madness and chaos of some stories, spanning around lines of poetry per book, are woven together by the theme of metamorphosis or transformation.
This accomplishment also goes a long way in explaining the rightful place the Metamorphoses holds within the canon of classical literature, placed as it is beside other great epics of Mediterranean antiquity such as the IliadOdyssey and Aeneid. Kicking against the pricks But for some, the Metamorphoses sits uneasily alongside its more morally and patriotically sound predecessors.
Penguin The Homeric Iliad c. Yet, appropriate to the gravitas of epic poetry, the Odyssey is also about the journey of a man determined to maintain his heroic stature as he navigates all sorts of dangers in strange lands.
Some years later, when the Homeric verses were still regarded as the benchmark for epic poetry, Virgil composed the Aeneid 19 BC. This Latin epic casts a patriotic spell over its audience in its evocation of the foundation of Rome from the ashes of Troy to the glory of the Augustan Age.
Rome is great according to Virgil. It always has been. It always will be. This unruly form floated about in nothingness until some unnamed being disentangled it. The earth is fashioned in the form of a perfectly round ball. Oceans take shape and rise in waves spurred on by winds. Springs, pools and lakes appear and above the valleys and plains and mountains is the sky.
Lastly, humankind is made and so begins the mythical Ages of Man. And, as each Age progresses — from Gold, to Silver, to Bronze and finally to Iron — humankind becomes increasingly corrupt. Throughout the epic, the setting that emerges in Book I functions as a brilliantly appropriate dystopic stage on which the poet-cum-puppeteer orchestrates his spectacles.
Drawing on the Greek mythology inherited by the Romans, Ovid directs his dramas one after another, relentlessly bombarding his readers with beautiful metrics and awe-inspiring imagery as that of Deucalion and PyrrhaArachneDaphne and ApolloEuropa and the BullLeda and the Swan.
Hundreds of hapless mortals, heroes, heroines, gods and goddesses rise victorious, experience defeat, endure rape, and inevitably metamorphose into something other than their original forms. Chaos begins the world, and so into Chaos we are born, live and die. As the offspring of the Age of Iron, we must endure and struggle against corruption, brutality and injustice.
The Phoenician woman Europa was abducted by Zeus in the shape of a bull; she later gave birth to their son, King Minos. The Rape of Europa, Titian, A poem and a mistake Ovid experienced a world of chaos and iron firsthand when, in AD 8, he was banished by Augustus.
Interestingly, the third volume was written for women — quite a revolutionary move in view of the gender inequality in the twilight years of the 1st century BC. Modern Library What irritated Augustus sufficiently enough to relegate the poet to the middle of nowhere was his perception that the Ars Amatoria made a mockery of his moral reforms.
Not one for frolic, Augustus had spearheaded and implemented a series of legislative campaigns that raised the moral bar for the goodly citizens of Rome. Adultery, while always illegal in Rome, was made especially so under the watchful eye of the emperor and legal ramifications were more actively enforced than in previous decades.
The mistake that Ovid mentions is more difficult to identify — with scholarly opinions differing on what it was Ovid actually did to offend Augustus. Tomis, at the very edges of the Roman Empire, was regarded as a barbaric, frightening and uncivilised place.Yeats varies this structure in order to emphasize specific elements of the poem’s content and significance.
Yeasts’ use of language lets him convey the significance of his message. Yeats’s late poetry is discussed and interpreted. The poet’s interest in human knowledge and its relationship to the body, particularly the aging body, is traced from “Leda and the Swan” to “Sailing to Byzantium,” “In Memory of Eva Gore-Booth and Con Markievicz,” “Two Songs from a .
In this literary elements worksheet, students explore Willaim Butler Yeats's poem "Leda and the Swan." Students then answer 5 short answer questions based on the poem.
Get Free Access See Review. Zeus, disguised as a swan, rapes Leda then abandons her; Leda will give birth to Helen of Troy and so take part in a causal chain that later includes the fall of Troy and the murder of Agamemnon.
There is no love in this poem – which is precisely why the form is so relevant. Leda and the Swan By William Butler Yeats Cynthia Miguel and Callie Todhunter Context! This poem was written by William Butler Yeats, an Irish poet, in This poem is based on the Greek myth of Zeus and Leda.
In this myth, the god Zeus turns himself into a swan in order to rape the beautiful woman Leda. I have taught poetry, I have written poetry, I have had the profound experience of climbing up the ancient winding stair of Thoor Ballyleee, of wandering through all the Seven Woods, and my lifelong project is to memorize all of Yeats’ poetry.