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Nightingale, the well-educated daughter of wealthy British parents, defied social conventions and decided to become a nurse. The nursing of strangers, either in hospitals or in their homes, was not then seen as a respectable career for well-bred ladies, who, if they wished… Florence was a precocious child intellectually.
Her father took particular interest in her education, guiding her through historyphilosophyand literature. She excelled in mathematics and languages and was able to read and write FrenchGermanItalianGreekand Latin at an early age. Never satisfied with the traditional female skills of home management, she preferred to read the great philosophers and to engage in serious political and social discourse with her father.
As part of a liberal Unitarian family, Florence found great comfort in her religious beliefs. Nursing seemed the suitable route to serve both God and humankind.
Nursing in peace and war Despite family reservations, Nightingale was eventually able to enroll at the Institution of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth in Germany for two weeks of training in July and again for three months in July There she learned basic nursing skills, the importance of patient observation, and the value of good hospital organization.
In Nightingale sought to break free from her family environment. Through social connections, she became the superintendent of the Institution for Sick Gentlewomen governesses in Distressed Circumstances, in London, where she successfully displayed her skills as an administrator by improving nursing care, working conditions, and efficiency of the hospital.
After one year she began to realize that her services would be more valuable in an institution that would allow her to train nurses.
However, politics, not nursing expertise, was to shape her next move. Nightingale, FlorenceFlorence Nightingale, c. The British and the French, allies of Turkey, sought to curb Russian expansion. The status of the care of the wounded was reported to the London Times by the first modern war correspondent, British journalist William Howard Russell.
The newspaper reports stated that soldiers were treated by an incompetent and ineffective medical establishment and that the most basic supplies were not available for care. The British public raised an outcry over the treatment of the soldiers and demanded that the situation be drastically improved.
Their letters crossed in the mail, but in the end their mutual requests were granted. Nightingale led an officially sanctioned party of 38 women, departing October 21,and arriving in Scutari at the Barrack Hospital on November 5.
Not welcomed by the medical officers, Nightingale found conditions filthy, supplies inadequate, staff uncooperative, and overcrowding severe.
Few nurses had access to the cholera wards, and Nightingale, who wanted to gain the confidence of army surgeons by waiting for official military orders for assistance, kept her party from the wards.
The wards were cleaned and basic care was provided by the nurses. Most important, Nightingale established standards of care, requiring such basic necessities as bathing, clean clothing and dressings, and adequate food.
Attention was given to psychological needs through assistance in writing letters to relatives and through providing educational and recreational activities.
Nightingale experienced a slow recovery, as no active treatment was available. The lingering effects of the disease were to last for 25 years, frequently confining her to bed because of severe chronic pain. Nightingale remained in Scutari until the hospitals were ready to close, returning to her home in Derbyshire on August 7,as a reluctant heroine.
On her return to England, Nightingale was suffering the effects of both brucellosis and exhaustion. In September she met with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to discuss the need for reform of the British military establishment.Nursing applications will be accepted February 1 to April 15 for the Fall semester!
Why Study Nursing?
Registered Nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and .
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Sherman Alexie, in full Sherman Joseph Alexie, Jr., (born October 7, , Wellpinit, Spokane Indian Reservation, near Spokane, Washington, U.S.), Native American writer whose poetry, short stories, novels, and films about the lives of American Indians won him an international following..
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